As you study the continuum you will notice that there is an overlap among segments. In addition, within each segment, there are higher and lower skills. In order for a student to make and sustain progress, we  start working on the highest level they can handle and still benefit from. However, without careful attention to the underlying skills that need to be addressed,  students will not progress.  That is why the tutoring, after school programs and endless hours of homework have not helped solve the learning problems.  Some underlying skills are so underdeveloped that the student can not learn easily and efficiently so they can hold on to the new information.


When children are struggling it is so tempting to attack the academic areas where grades are poor.  Not all students need to start on the bottom of the continuum. However it is very important to recognize that success at the higher levels are supported by stronger skills on the lower level of the continuum.

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Motor, visual, auditory, attention, memory and executive function systems develop and are used with increasing sophistication as one moves up the continuum.  Higher level success is dependent upon a solid lower level foundation.

Processing and Cognitive Skills:

  • Attention
  • Memory
  • Processing Speed
  • Auditory Processing
  • Phonemic awareness
  • Visual Processing
  • Sensory- motor integration
  • Sequential Processing
  • Simultaneous Processing

Content Area and Higher Academic Skills:

  • Content courses such as Sciences, Algebra, Chemistry
  • Refining and applying basic academics skills 
  • Persuasive and creative writing skills
  • Study Skills

The Neurodevelopmental Approach to Understanding and Solving Learning Difficulties

Core Learning Skills:


  • Sensory input
  • Postural security
  • Body awareness
  • Reflex integration
  • Interpret tactile proprioceptive and motor input
  • Balance
  • Motor planning
  • Bilateral and Cross lateral integration
  • Hand-Eye coordination
  • Ocular motor control
  • Listening skills
  • Visual-spatial skills
  • find motor control and pencil grip
  • Attention awareness control

Basic Language and Academic Skills:

  • Language including expressive and receptive language, articulation, and vocabulary development
  • Reading: decoding phonics, sight words, comprehension, and morphology
  • Writing: printing and cursive spelling, sentence structure, paragraph, and essay writing
  • Grammar, organization, and composition
  • Editing and Proofing

You would not want to build a 10-story building on a foundation for a single story home. It is equally difficult to develop a solid learning system when something foundationally is weak.  During each phase of our programs, from the assessment to completion, we make sure that the foundation for the skill is developed to an appropriate level.  When tutoring, extra practice and other school based interventions do not solve the problems; there is something in the continuum interfering. Check out our "Event" page for information about Parent Information Night and P.E.A.C.E. Meetings.

Keeping Pace Learning Center

Executive Function and Cognitive Flexibility Skills :


  • Visual inner language
  • Verbal inner language
  • Organizational skills
  • Time management
  • Patterns and Relationships
  • Problem Solving
  • Strategizing
  • Using information
  • Making Connections
  • Logic and reasoning skills
  • Relevance VS Non-Relevance
  • Planning
  • Study skills and Test Taking Strategies